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:: Volume 2, Issue 4 (3-2015) ::
jgit 2015, 2(4): 53-75 Back to browse issues page
An Automatic Algorithm based on Angular Histogram for Corregistartion of Synthetic Aperture Radar Images
Reza Shah-Hosseini *, Mostafa Esmaeili, Abdoreza Safari, Said Homayouni, Jalal Amini, Hamid EzzatAbadiPour
University of Tehran
Abstract:   (3195 Views)

Coregistration of optical and radar imageries is a major pre-processing step in many remote sensing applications including change detection and interferometric processing. Specially, the coregistration faced more difficulties in radar imageries due to the high noise level and intense spatial-temporal decorrelation. Hence, non-automatic coregistration methods are much more time consuming and inefficient. Because, the probable geometrical and temporal (signal-target interaction) differences between two acquisitions (i.e, master and slave) caused spectral shifts between corresponding pixels. In this case, using grid points as a tie in the coregistration process drastically reduces the reliability of the process while use of the corner points in the images could solve the problem. To resolve this problem, an automatic algorithm based on angular histogram was proposed for coregistration of Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR) imageries that have taken in different height, time and situation. This method automatically extracted the corners from the slave and master images and used these points as nodal points. However, unlike conventional methods, there is no need to perform the image matching process. The coregistration RMSE value for three case studies related to the Radarsat-2 imageries of Batala area, India, Radarsat-2 imageries of Sendai region, Japan and TerraSAR-X imageries in Sendai region, were 0.29, 0.35 and 0.43, respectively. Comparison of the proposed coregistration method with cubic convolution (CCI) interpolation based coregistration method showed that the accuracy of the proposed method was improved to 5%, 5% and 9% for three datasets, respectively. The results indicated high efficiency and accuracy of the proposed algorithm. Moreover, the proposed algorithm illustrates the high performance in the case that the angle and scale between the master and slave images are relatively large.

Keywords: Corregistration, Synthetic Aperture Radar, Feature based Method, Harris Operator, Cross-Correlation
Full-Text [PDF 1600 kb]   (1244 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research |
Received: 2015/12/6 | Accepted: 2015/12/6 | Published: 2015/12/6
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Shah-Hosseini R, Esmaeili M, Safari A, Homayouni S, Amini J, EzzatAbadiPour H. An Automatic Algorithm based on Angular Histogram for Corregistartion of Synthetic Aperture Radar Images. jgit. 2015; 2 (4) :53-75
URL: http://jgit.kntu.ac.ir/article-1-172-en.html

Volume 2, Issue 4 (3-2015) Back to browse issues page
نشریه علمی-پژوهشی مهندسی فناوری اطلاعات مکانی Engineering Journal of Geospatial Information Technology
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