:: Volume 5, Issue 1 (6-2017) ::
jgit 2017, 5(1): 111-132 Back to browse issues page
Effect of different SRFs on time series of spectral indices, between sentinel-2 and other sensors for the purpose of vegetation land cover monitoring
Sadra Imanyfar, Mahdi Hasanlou *
University of Tehran
Abstract:   (2974 Views)

Quality and quantity of vegetation land cover is considered as one of the important aspects of environment. Detection of trends in natural phenomena such as vegetation, requires long-term studies, more than lifetime of a satellite. On the other hand, combining data from different sensors could lead to formation of false changes. One of the main causes of false changes is different spectral sensitivity functions (SRFs), among sensors under study. In this regard, the impact of these factors should be eliminated or reduced as much as possible by a procedure named relative calibration which is the main goal of this research. There are similarities between Landsat satellites series and SPOT-5 with Sentinel-2 in many aspects, so MSI (the Sentinel-2’s sensor) has capacity for data continuity. In this study, by incorporating polynomial equations, Landsat sensors (OLI, ETM +, ETM) and SPOT-5 were calibrated relative to MSI. The combination of radiative transfer models; PROSPECT-4 for leaf and 4SAIL for canopy, were used to simulate 50000 top of canopy synthetic spectral signatures and then soil effect was combined with them using linear spectral mixture model. After all, 150000 signatures were simulated. These spectral signatures were transformed to equivalent reflectance values (Blue, Red, NIR and SWIR) and spectral indices (NDVI, EVI and NDWI). 80%   of spectral signatures were selected randomly for solving relative calibration models. Also, for validation purpose, remained simulated (20%) and 38   top of canopy measured spectral signatures were used. According to the results, linear equation can model the difference (caused by SRF) between MSI and others quite well and there is no need for more complicated equations. In general, results of this research show high and acceptable correlation for all reflectance bands and indices. It is more necessary to perform a relative calibration pre-processing step for EVI time series. Amongst reflectance bands, NIR has the highest continuity

Keywords: Relative calibration, Spectral response function, Sentinel-2, Vegetation cover monitoring
Full-Text [PDF 1842 kb]   (2464 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: GIS
Received: 2017/06/10 | Accepted: 2017/06/10 | Published: 2017/06/10



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Volume 5, Issue 1 (6-2017) Back to browse issues page